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Three Basic Book Repair Procedures - Tipping-In Loose Pages
Carole Dyal and Pete Merrill-Oldham
Tipping-in is a method for incorporating loose pages -- a detached leaf,
replacement page, errata sheet, or other insert -- into a bound volume.
Assemble the following: polyvinyl acetate adhesive (PVA) in a low container,
wide strips of scrap paper, waxed paper, a bone folder, a glue brush, a pressing
board or glass plate, and a weight.
Step 1: Trimming the page and applying adhesive
If the page to be tipped in is larger than the pages of the volume, carefully
trim the page to size using a paper cutter. (For replacement pages, try to
preserve original margin widths.) Sandwich the page, reverse side up, between
two pieces of scrap paper, leaving 1/8-inch visible along the binding edge of
the page. The top strip of scrap paper will protect the area that should not be
glued. Apply a thin, even layer of PVA to the exposed 1/8-inch edge of the
Step 2: Positioning the page
Carefully position the insert in place, setting it as far into the gutter as
possible while ensuring that the edges are even with the rest of the text block.
Step 3: Securing the page
With the tipped-in sheet squarely in place, and starting in the middle of the
page and working out to the top and bottom, slide the tip of a bone folder along
the front (unglued) side of the sheet to press it tight.
Step 4: Protecting the text block
Place a sheet of waxed paper into the gutter between the insert and the page
before it to protect the text block from excess adhesive.
Step 5: Pressing the volume
Close the book. Place a pressing board or glass plate along the spine edge
and set a weight on top. Let stand for several hours.
Conclusions - References
If intervention is prompt, the life of a book can often be extended at very
low cost. Unfortunately, damage may progress beyond the point where these basic
techniques can be effective. More extensive treatment or commercial library
binding may then be warranted. On the following pages are abbreviated lists of
sources for conservation information and training.
Collection Conservation Treatment: A Resource Manual for Program
Development and Conservation Technician Training. Maralyn Jones, compiler.
Berkeley: Conservation Department, The Library, University of California,
Greenfield, Jane. Books: Their Care and Repair. New York: H.W. Wilson Co.,
Greenfield, Jane. The Care of Fine Books. New York: N. Lyons Books, 1988.
Kyle, Hedi. Library materials preservation manual. Bronxville, NY: Nicholas
T. Smith, 1983.
Lavender, Kenneth and Scott Stockton. Book Repair: A How-To-Do-It: A Manual
for Librarians. How-To-Do-It Manuals for School and Public Librarians, Number
4. New York: Neal Schuman Publishers, Inc., 1992.
Morrow, Carolyn Clark, and Carole Dyal. Conservation Treatment Procedures:
A Manual of Step-by-Step Procedures For the Maintenance and Repair of
Library Materials, second edition. Littleton, CO: Libraries Unlimited, 1986.
[Out of print.]
Ritzenthaler, Mary Lynn. Preserving Archives and Manuscripts. Chicago:
Society of American Archivists, 1993.
Library and Archival Materials: A Manual. Sherelyn Ogden, ed. Andover,
MA: Northeast Document Conservation Center, 1996.
Bookcraft Guide: Simple Techniques for the Maintenance & Repair
of Books [Available free and online from Gaylord Bros. http://www.gaylord.com/images/Bookcraft_BookRepairGuide.pdf.]
Preservation Information On Line
Conservation OnLine [CoOL]: http://cool.conservation-us.org
Library of Congress, Preservation Directorate: http://lcweb.loc.gov/preserv/preserve.html
Sources of training
1438 W. Peachtree St., NW, Ste.
Atlanta, GA 30309-2955
14400 Midway Road
Dallas, TX 75244-3509
800-843-8482 | 972-991-6061 fax
To learn more about
book repair workshops in your area contact your local bibliographic
utility; state library, archives, or historical society; local
chapter of the Guild
of Book Workers; or regional conservation center.
We are most grateful to the following people whose contributions to this
effort have been invaluable:
- Julie Arnott, Sharla Richards and Christine S. Wiseman, SOLINET
- Annie Armour, Dupont Library, University of the South
- Whitney Baker, Diane Nester Kresh, Jo Anne Martinez, and Roberta Stevens,
Library of Congress
- Harry Campbell, ICI/Etherington Conservation Center
- Steve Chapman and Jan Merrill-Oldham, Harvard University Library
- Jeanne Drewes, Martha Jackson, and Lena Warren, Johns Hopkins University
- John Dunphy, University Products, Inc.
- Susan E. Lunas, conservator in private practice
- Rob Mauritz, Library Binding Service
- Mary Russell McMillen, Gutman Library, Harvard University
- Peter D. Verheyen, Syracuse University Library
- Jody McNichol
- Will Meredith, Law School Library, Harvard University
- Karen Motylewski, Conservation and Preservation Studies, GSLIS, University
- Sally Moyer, Library Binding Institute
- J C Noyes, Bridgeport National Bindery
- Ralph F. Ocker and Millie Suter, Ocker & Trapp Library Bindery
- Patricia E. Palmer, Virginia Commonwealth University Library
- Paul Parisi, Acme Bookbinding
- Rebecca Ryder, University of Kentucky Libraries
- Abby Shaw, Conservation Resources International
- Shannon Zachary, University of Michigan Libraries.
- Carole Dyal is the Library Conservator for the University of Connecticut
Libraries, Storrs, Connecticut
- Pete Merrill-Oldham is Director of Marketing and Sales for Acme
Bookbinding, Charlestown, Massachusett